The arts of Barber and Cosmetology have been around since the stone age, and were regulated in the early 1900's.
They were regulated for sanitation, and licensure of individuals who were schooled in the proper procedure to enhance a person's appearance. The hair and face are the most conspicuous parts of the human body.
BARBER BOARD - Established by Public Act in 1929. There are 17 barber schools, 1,870 barber shops, and 5,000 master barbers. There are 5 board members, (4 licensed master barbers and 1 public member).
COSMETOLOGY BOARD - Established by Public Act in 1939. There are 62 private schools, 65 public schools, 35 vocational schools, 3 correctional schools, 8,000 cosmetology shops, 45,000 cosmetologists, manicurists and aestheticians, and 9 board members (5 licensed cosmetologists, 1 cosmetology instructor, 1 school owner, 1 education member, and 1 public member).
The role of the Barber and Cosmetology professions are facing new challenges on a daily basis, and the emphasis is shifting from the traditional role of regulation to one of awareness and assistance.
There is no question that AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Hepatitis have reached epidemic proportions.
Due to the recent increase of these communicable diseases, the Barber and Cosmetology Boards have placed strict guidelines on the utilization of sterilized equipment, gloves and goggles for all licensees when performing any type service on a client.
The board members inspect all schools regularly explaining and emphasizing to the owner and/or manager the importance and responsibility of teaching rigid sanitation requirements to the students in order to prepare them for performing services on their clients when they enter the work force.
Field Inspectors are cross trained to inspect both barber and cosmetology schools and shops on an annual and more often (as needed) basis, for proper sanitation and unlicensed activity.
Each Inspector is responsible for approximately 1200 shops, and are assigned territories.
The Inspectors issue citations for unlicensed individuals, shops, and various sanitation reasons.
The Barber and Cosmetology board members have authorized the legal division to issue consent orders, $300.00 for first violation and $500.00 for the second.
After the third violation, they are brought before the board which could result in revocation or suspension of license, plus a penalty.
Both boards receive many complaints, both written and oral. These complaints range from unlicensed individuals employed in a shop or school to - "bad haircuts, bad perms, bad colors, damaged nails and dissatisfied students."
The primary objective of the Barber and Cosmetology Board is the safety and welfare of all licensees.