The Tennessee Department of Agriculture works to ensure a healthy, growing animal industry. TDA partners with state and federal regulators, private veterinarians and livestock industries with programs aimed at preventing, controlling and eradicating certain infectious or communicable diseases of livestock and other domestic animals. Activities include administering eradication programs for brucellosis, tuberculosis, scrapie and pseudorabies, along with the control program for equine infectious anemia. TDA also enforces the laws and rules regulating interstate and intrastate movement of animals.
NEW FEATURE: TENNESSEE IMPORT REQUIREMENTS ARE ONLINE HERE.
WNV and EEE - November 5, 2013: Numbers of equine cases of West Nile Virus (WNV) and Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) appear to have increased in the eastern U.S. this fall. At this time, four cases of WNV in a horse have been reported, one in Shelby County, one in Robertson County, one in Stewart County, and one in Monroe County in Tennessee.
Infected mosquitoes transmit WNV and EEE. Mosquito control measures should be implemented around stables and barns. There is no documented evidence of animal-to-person transmission of these diseases.
In a small number of horses, these viruses can affect the central nervous system and cause encephalitis (inflammation of the brain tissue). Neurological signs (such as hyperexcitability, head-pressing, wobbling, ataxia, loss of appetite) may result and can be fatal. A vaccine is available for equine only.
Please consult your veterinarian if your horse develops neurological symptoms. Further information can be found at the following link:
EHV Alert - September 25, 2013: TN Horse tests positive for the neurological strain of Equine Herpes Virus - The Tennessee Department of Agriculture has received confirmation that a horse in Shelby County has tested positive for the neurological form of Equine Herpes Virus (EHV-1). The affected farm has been quarantined and strict biosecurity procedures have been implemented as well as isolation of the horse. The horse is under veterinary care and is recovering. There have been no signs of the spread of this disease to other horses on the farm or reports of other cases in Tennessee at this time. Transmission of this disease is primarily through direct exposure to an infected horse. The spread of this disease can be effectively controlled through good biosecurity practices and isolation of affected horses.
Symptoms of Neurological EHV-1:
Equine Herpes Virus is highly contagious among horses but poses no threat to humans. The symptoms in horses may include a fever, nasal discharge, wobbly gait, hind-end weakness, dribbling of urine and diminished tail tone. The virus is easily spread by airborne transmission, horse-to-horse contact and by contact with nasal secretions on equipment, tack, feed and other surfaces. Caretakers can spread the virus to horses if their hands, clothing, shoes or vehicles are contaminated. The virus can cause aborted foals and can be fatal in some cases. Horse owners should consult with their veterinarian if they see these symptoms.
Horse owners should practice good biosecurity such as using your own trailer and equipment, not letting your horse touch other people’s horses, disinfecting shoes and equipment, washing hands after helping others with their horses and limiting access to your farm. A downloadable brochure about horse biosecurity is available from the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/publications/animal_health/content/printable_version/HorseBioSecurity_final.pdf.
A Guide To Understanding the Neurologic Form of EHV Infection
USDA Animal Plant Health Inspection Service Resources
American Association of Equine Practitioners Fact Sheet
Equine Pigeon Fever - According to Dr. Scott Reed, director of Kord Diagnostic Laboratory, there has been an increased incidence of Equine Pigeon Fever reported by labs in Kentucky, Arkansas, and Mississippi. Equine Pigeon Fever is the common term for an infection caused by bacterial organism, Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. It is characterized by abcesses which cause swelling and give the horse’s chest a "pigeon-breast" appearance. The condition is not related to or caused by pigeons. Hot, dry weather is the most common environment where the organism is found and most cases appear in late summer/early fall. Horses contract the disease through open wounds, fly bites, and mucous membranes. Contact your veterinarian if you notice a swelling of the chest or abdomen in your horse. For more information on this disease, you can visit the following link: midsouthhorsereview.com/news.php?id=4701
Trichomoniasis Alert - The State Veterinarian has issued requirements effective immediately for transportation of bulls into Tennessee to prevent the spread of Trichomoniasis. List of Approved Trichomoniasis Veterinarians.
Coggins Test Now Valid for Twelve Months - The Tennessee Department of Agriculture recently established rules allowing Coggins test results to remain valid for 12 months. The Coggins test checks horses for Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA). Requirements for Change of Ownership.
The Order for "Transportation of Wild-Appearing Swine within Tennessee" has recently been revised in order to strengthen efforts to prevent the illegal transportation and releasing of wild hogs by requiring individual animal identification and documentation for all wild-appearing hogs being moved. The revised order went into effect June 10, 2013. For further information, please visit the following link http://news.tn.gov/node/10976.
The Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program (VMLRP) - The VMLRP will pay up to $25,000 each year towards qualified educational loans of eligible veterinarians who agree to serve in a NIFA designated veterinarian shortage situation for a period of three years. For further information, visit http://www.nifa.usda.gov/nea/animals/in_focus/an_health_if_vmlrp.html or contact Dr. Sara Clariday at the State Veterinarian's Office at Sara.Clariday@tn.gov or (615) 837-5120.
Companion Animal Parasite Council - The mission of CAPC is to foster animal and human health, while preserving the human-animal bond, through recommendations for the diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control of parasitic infections. http://www.capcvet.org.
NOTE: The Dog and Cat Dealer Licensing Program and Animal Friendly Tag Grant Program have been transferred to the Tennessee Department of Health. To inquire, call toll free 1-877-403-7350 or local to Nashville at 615-532-7350.
Order for Cervidae: "Tennessee Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) Herd Certification Program (HCP)"
Order for Bulls: "Trichomoniasis Requirements"
Order for Wild-Appearing Swine: "Transportation of Wild-Appearing Swine Within Tennessee"
Identification: "Approved Forms of Identification"